Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a world class tourist destination. Due to its outstanding natural universal values, it was the first to be inscribed as a Tanzania site on the World Heritage List in 1979. NCA is the most successful multiple used managed area, where indigenous people as so far living harmoniously and peacefully with wildlife. Ngorongoro crater (250km2) is the world’s largest unbroken caldera in the Eastern Rift Valley. There is a large population of wild ungulates in the crater, including the only visible population of black Rhinoceros in their natural environment. It is the only place in the world where visitors are likely to see elephant, rhino, lion, leopard and buffalo in their natural environment.
Ngorongoro harbors a range of endangered species, such as the black rhino, wild hunting dog and golden cat. It houses one of the largest animal migration on earth, including over 1 million wildebeest 72,000 zebras and 350,000 Thompson and grand gazelles.
It is also a home to about 500 species of birds. The mix of forest, canyons, grassland, lakes and marshes forms and ideal habitat for an enormous variety of birds. During the rainy season you can see the arrival of Eurasian migrants at the open pools. White storks and yellow wagtails mingle with the local inhabitants, stilts, saddle bill storks, ibis, ruff and various species of duck.